Many theories of intelligence assume that there is an absolute reality out there, and the more intelligent the person, the greater his or her awareness of this reality. Greater intelligence, in this view, implies an optimal fit between individual and environment. An alternative view, which is the base of mindfulness research, is that individuals may always define their relation to their environment in several ways, essentially creating the reality that is out there. What is out there is shaped by how we view it. p.100, The Power of Mindful Learning
Therefore, a mindful approach to problem solving changes the basic structure from searching among possible solutions for a best fit/answer to the problem into looking at the situation from different perspectives and maybe redefining what the `problem' is in the first place.
In this [traditional] view, intelligence consists of identifying the strategies and procedures that optimally reflect the context of any particular problem. ...
In contrast, when we are mindful, we are implicitly aware that in any particular situation there is no absolute optimum standard for action. From a mindful perspective, one's response to a particular situation is not an attempt to make the best choice from among available options but to create options. Rather than look for an external standard of optimum fit or the right answer, one discovers that, in the words of William James, ``the standard perpetually grows up endogenously inside the web of experience." pp. 113-114, The Power of Mindful Learning