Friday, November 06, 2009

Gender Gap in Mathematics

This is about US mostly, if anything they indicate that the gap is smaller in Muslim countries. Disclaimer: I have not read the paper, only the abstract ... :)

"An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Gap in Mathematics"
NBER Working Paper No. w15430

ROLAND G. FRYER, Harvard University - Department of Economics, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), American Bar Foundation, University of Chicago
STEVEN D. LEVITT, University of Chicago, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), American Bar Foundation

We document and analyze the emergence of a substantial gender gap in mathematics in the early years of schooling using a large, recent, and nationally representative panel of children in the United States. There are no mean differences between boys and girls upon entry to school, but girls lose more than two-tenths of a standard deviation relative to boys over the first six years of school. The ground lost by girls relative to boys is roughly half as large as the black-white test score gap that appears over these same ages. We document the presence of this gender math gap across every strata of society. We explore a wide range of possible explanations in the U.S. data, including less investment by girls in math, low parental expectations, and biased tests, but find little support for any of these theories. Moving to cross-country comparisons, we find that earlier results linking the gender gap in math to measures of gender equality are sensitive to the inclusion of Muslim countries, where in spite of women's low status, there is little or no gender gap in math.


  1. One point for the Muslims ;)

    By the way, thanks for the comment. Actually I am going to visit Iran around Xmas


  2. Good for you, it is good to go back, meet family and old friends, and see things personally


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